智慧數學中英文域名  [  2010年11月24日]        
  您當前的位置:首頁 > 智慧課題研究
   
“智慧數學”宣言
作者:陳士文 點擊數:5137 更新時間:2010年10月18日 文章錄入:陳士文
   

“智慧數學”宣言

智慧數學研究所    陳士文

 

數學是一種智慧。

數學是美的,其中蘊藏一種至簡至和的智慧。

數學不是符號、圖形的重復呈現,也不是定理、公式的復雜關聯。透過符號和圖形、定理和公式我們發現數學之美:簡潔、和諧。

我們的數學教育,是讓學生感受到數學之簡潔,而不是繁瑣;感受到數學之和諧,而不是怪異。我們的數學教育要使學生感受數學之妙而從中體驗審美,并建立數學的和諧觀、數學的結構觀。

數學是理性的,其中蘊藏一種至真至通的智慧。

數學的理性首先是一種“真”。在數學教育教學中,我們不能把數學的理性智慧簡單地理解成數學是機械的思維訓練,更不是單一的解題訓練,也不能使數學陷于瑣細淺層的生活實用。

數學的理性還具備“通”。我們的數學教育應感悟數學思想而從中學會思考,沐浴數學的理性之光,開拓數學的應用領域。否則學生將不會用數學的眼光觀察生活、理解生活、創造生活,那我們所進行的如同是教動物小熊做計算題的雜耍表演,而不是數學教育。

數學是自由的,其中蘊藏一種創造探索的智慧。

    數學的創造性智慧,源于它是一種創造性的活動,這種創造性不是推翻已有的大廈重建,而是在原有的基礎上添磚加瓦,即便是另立高樓,那也會在新樓與舊樓之間構造回廊。新樓、舊樓成為一體,數學大廈的根基更加牢固。

數學的發展史更是一種探索史。數學發展過程中不斷出現矛盾,尤有探索才能解決數學中的根本矛盾。數學史上曾發生過三次數學危機,每一次危機的發生都是數學智慧的生長,每一次危機的解決都是數學智慧的超越。

“數學是人類最高超的智力成就,也是人類心靈最獨特的創作。”(克萊因語)正是數學給了人類美的智慧、真的智慧、創造探索自由的智慧。

數學學習追求一種智慧。

    “智慧數學”的課堂旨在追求“一寰宇、縱橫分經緯,四面八方尋,數幾何?兩數字、正負顯乾坤,六色五顏去,形歸一”(智慧數學聯語)的境界。

【一寰宇】數學的教學設計要從整體出發,神龍見首又見尾,學生的數學智慧主要在課堂中“生長”,而不是教師直接的斬頭去尾式的“給予”。

【縱橫分經緯】數學的教學設計要從整體中走出,對渾然的世界用數學的智慧分解、分類、分化。

【四面八方尋】數學教學的思維活動要多向發散,不是一條道走到黑,而是尋找通向羅馬的條條大道。

【數幾何】數學致力探求宇宙的解,大千世界,氣象萬千,我們試圖用幾個“數”來描述。

【兩數字】數字“0”和“1”,是這個世界數學化的基本符號。

【正負顯乾坤】萬物的消長生息,我們用數學來探索朗朗乾坤的運行規律。

【六色五顏去】數學不研究“色彩”,不停留于知識累積,而致力于數學的抽象、生活智慧的提升。

【形歸一】九九歸一,我們追尋數學世界的簡潔、和諧、統一。

數學是科學之母,現代人更需要數學式思維,更需要數學的智慧。人們通過數學領悟世界的真諦,數學的對象和問題是不可窮盡的,數學之樹是常青的,數學的智慧是生長不息的,我們的數學教育對數學智慧的感悟也將是不止的。

   
打印本頁  關閉窗口
 
   
上一篇文章:全國教育科學規劃專項課題申請評審書
下一篇文章:為什么是“智慧數學
   
 
| 設為首頁 | 加入收藏 | 友情鏈接 | 管理登錄 | 手機端 |
蘇公網安備 32100202010203號 蘇ICP備18008858號 智慧數學網 頁面執行時間:15.625
 您是第8767829位訪客
彩51官网 3679gg.com | www.08588k.com | WWW.606898.COM | 33432f.com | www.5981l.com | WWW.18451.COM | 20055511.com | WWW.250199.COM | 22betbet365.com | www.926887.com | www.s6kj.com | www.7240q.com | 588587.com | www.00778l.com | www.895594.com | 9995144.com | WWW.678926.COM | 7744nnn.com | WWW.50398.COM | 9949x.com | WWW.414098.COM | mm56667.com | www.907844.com | www.9931331.com | www.106569.com | www.688544.com | 248301.com | www.74gcw.com | nnn40033.com | WWW.699682.COM | 3566bb.com | WWW.578607.COM | 3421t.com | WWW.344594.COM | www.v88133.com | 1859005.com | www.hg6648.com | 83377c.com | www.77803g.com | 42352207.com | WWW.880875.COM | pj200.cc | WWW.514172.COM | www.86999a.com | www.542998.com | www.g80288.com | 5006811.com | www.66201.cc | 1443e.com | WWW.268417.COM | 85698u.com | www.951077.com | www.4996xz.com | 2146x.com | WWW.898229.COM | 5504r.com | WWW.688387.COM | www.666xx.cc | www.61233i.com | www.55717p.com | 99909f.com | WWW.496798.COM | 4182c.com | www.801933.com | www.35700d.com | 22296ww.com | WWW.183896.COM | 5804y.com | sss006.com | www.61233y.com | hg0068j.com | WWW.142655.COM | www.983888a.com | www.106295.com | www.yh68071.com | 51200cc.com | WWW.634286.COM | www.5966ooo.com | www.61233o.com | www.371j.cc | 4955z.com | www.361576.com | www.228128.com | 51133tt.com | www.483552.com | www.ya2019z.com | wanyingjia.com | www.802133.com | www.60123j.com | 44cc8332.com | 33225.com | www.77801y.com | amjs68332.com | www.50024o.com | www.53900j.com | 700589.com | www.191060.com | www.78949d.com | yh66555.com | www.320661.com | www.33112q.com | v3405.com | www.298980.com | www.ck6787.com | 588vvv.cc | www.106056.com | WWW.890143.COM | www.00773q.com | 168cp-a.com | WWW.756196.COM | www.hjcp0.com | js8028.com | WWW.660805.COM | www.80188z.com | 33cc8332.com | www.534457.com | WWW.590556.COM | 3083.com | 62220.com | WWW.193715.COM | www.61655n.com | 5855.com | p888hh.com | WWW.698369.COM | www.52072z.com | www.cs.bet | 36407788.com | www.635893.com | www.33588r.com | www.35252i.com | 9030i.com | WWW.35939.COM | www.8816x.com | 2997702.com | 4323v.com | www.292199.com | WWW.555093.COM | www.550022.com | g47479.com | 3424u.com | www.338995.com | WWW.400409.COM | www.377666f.com | 00555004.com | www.822992.com | WWW.801526.COM | www.42842816.com | 2277bet.com | www.529106.com | WWW.184569.COM | www.3a331.com | 54241100.com | 8881482.com | www.166460.com | WWW.363643.COM | www.7782s.com | www.6880bb.com | iii3405.com | 5005i.com | www.335248.com | WWW.688493.COM | www.350c6.com | 7742ll.com | 675bet.com | www.372779.com | WWW.138331.COM | www.424277.com | www.998855x.com | 8159m.cc | 2075.com | WWW.860486.COM | WWW.720079.COM | www.222067.com | www.56655g.com | 3679aa.com | 500000436.com | www.52072b.com | WWW.775096.COM | WWW.872043.COM | www.83993j.com | www.4521j.com | dingji1188.com | 2008kk.com | 66648a.com | WWW.50633.COM | WWW.320007.COM | www.65045.com | 25288b.com | 114la.com | 3033e.com | www.536180.com | WWW.914835.COM | WWW.33627.COM | www.1764t.com | www.n456x.com | 4411.com | 18438555.com | 1168z.com | www.35155o.com | WWW.310595.COM | WWW.440140.COM | www.3478h.cc | www.1115mg.com | www.sha2333.com | 1859009.com | 411yh.com | 23599f.com | 7720d.net | tt6831.com | www.3063456.com | www.965960.com | WWW.333229.COM | www.qilc3.com | www.hg4442.com | www.8967y.com | 4023d.com | 87665h.com | 80850q.com | 9420y.com | 3016rrr.com | 29918uu.com | www.150957.com | www.752918.com | WWW.496088.COM | WWW.78518.COM | www.36788f.com | www.?junzi8888.com | www.7240x.com | www.47506.net | www.xybets6.com | 15f4.net | 97297b.com | 3685x.com | 8159bbb.cc | 3189qq.com | 148030.com | 774km.com | 50020011.com | 0044.cc | 44ee8331.com | 998x.cc | kj428.com | www.571833.com | WWW.789654.COM | WWW.133898.COM | WWW.911105.COM | WWW.604447.COM | WWW.815008.COM | www.cp500.net | WWW.835103.COM | www.hx1115.com | www.022gs.cc | www.078wy.com | www.hx6694.com | WWW.33658.COM | WWW.293020.COM | WWW.590535.COM | WWW.880892.COM | WWW.556510.COM | WWW.807025.COM | WWW.370366.COM | WWW.911140.COM | WWW.327529.COM | WWW.276188.COM | WWW.883508.COM | WWW.813935.COM | WWW.405626.COM | WWW.360343.COM | WWW.763507.COM | WWW.193716.COM | www.815266.com | www.482770.com | www.006002.com | 48339.com | www.447735.com | 118gjp.com | 51oid.com | 55663885.com | 1381.net | 83377z.com | www.9737bb.com | www.7225q.com | www.77785yh.com | www.731651.com | www.76636.com | WWW.20462.COM | WWW.608569.COM | WWW.250552.COM | www.965666.com | www.043552.com | 17715.com | blh888.vip | sxkcl.net | 61320066.com | c5429.com | www.hg98097.com | www.7892.ag | www.15365b.com | WWW.160228.COM | WWW.113890.COM | WWW.806064.COM | www.892070.com | www.77114u.com | 5589p.com | p2649.com | JS1388z.com | www.qmc0011.com | www.369410.com | www.80065n.com | WWW.111406.COM | WWW.480736.COM | www.202417.com | www.163850.com | 22665144.com | 预览6830y.com | www.500.com.cn | www.792065.com | www.305155.com | www.yi628.com | WWW.544033.COM | WWW.417444.COM | www.168153.com | 3568a.com | 2334vip4.com | www.279050.com | www.39500x.com | WWW.395866.COM | WWW.870870.COM | 49398.com | 1669w.com | 3122s2.com | www.ba304.com | www.78949t.com | WWW.908512.COM | www.570323.com | 3807n.com | 9994cc16.com | www.89677f.com | www.29039.cc | WWW.79708.COM | 232929.com | 58222zz.com | yd12300.cc | www.58118c.com | www.84499m.com | WWW.489388.COM | www.137101.com | 2019ff.cc | 2418004.com | www.hg118.com | WWW.126567.COM | www.338996.com | 1213zzz.com | 339449.net | www.6687e.com | www.50233.cc | WWW.152621.COM | 5622b.com | sz8222.com | www.9ccp22.com | www.9478t.com | WWW.298039.COM | 222456.com | yh22444.com | www.4963gg.com | www.37676.cc | WWW.487223.COM | bet3659091.com | 26444q.com | www.826017.com | WWW.362448.COM | 000049.com | bb40033.com | www.4196v.com | WWW.318551.COM | www.389344.com | 137.vg | www.5309678.com | WWW.112478.COM | www.665609.com | 55331s.com | www.55526f.com | www.72gcw.com | WWW.720723.COM | www.tk533.com | www.xpj2006.com | www.36788r.com | 2257013.com | www.hx1184.com | sbd5551.com | WWW.323947.COM | 0152.com | WWW.132411.COM | bb0168.com | WWW.94966.COM | 9506j.com | WWW.499366.COM | 76886r.com | www.bet73p.com | 7894u.com | www.8499w.com | 1468rrr.com | WWW.23032.COM | 131lll.net | WWW.729055.COM | www.16181f.com | www.188458.com | www.hb858.cc | 58588q.com | WWW.247558.COM | kk7742.com | WWW.677688.COM | www.10999n.com | www.26022.com | www.80075l.com | youleseo.com | WWW.639865.COM | bwin8q.com | WWW.326448.COM | www.08881.com | f61653.com | www.500cd.com | 3765.com | WWW.686876.COM | www.89599l.com | 9539h.com | www.8839d.com | 2214o.com | WWW.51947.COM | www.71071i.com | www.77996e.com | www.2221103.com | 861224.com | WWW.654158.COM | www.79500x.com | www.488566.com | www.66376.com | lc99y.com | WWW.609556.COM | www.8967m.com | 22299jj.com | www.hm6988.com | 9355ema.com | www.627029.com | www.57jsc.com | 7240l.com | WWW.415755.COM | www.hyl8.com | 496yy.com | WWW.137730.COM | VIPVIP.cc | www.256238.com | www.61655t.com | 82365e.com | www.962387.com | www.q94600.com | 5856tt.com | WWW.645779.COM | www.g7764.com | 90307l.com | WWW.15048.COM | xpj70065.com | www.35888358.com | www.1434h.com | 3434ggg.com | www.4444bj.com | 69990b.com | WWW.137674.COM | www.58665a.com | 660709.com | www.0096aa.com | 6112hh.com | WWW.136054.COM | www.www | 56987jj.com | www.2388cai.com | 22264066.com | WWW.665894.COM | www.js58123.com | 12742d.com | WWW.791362.COM | www.hg8zz.com | 38002.com | www.2566y5.com | 234906.com | WWW.707333.COM | 56987ee.com | www.343918.com | www.7782r.com | 84497755.com | www.83033i.com | www.26299d.com | 24670011.com | www.xcw866.com | www.15365b.com | 84498822.com | www.511174.com | www.9818b.cc | 6150c.com | WWW.357507.COM | www.4996gl.com | 37111c.com | WWW.56252.COM | www.2997778.com | 2997771.com | WWW.334344.COM | 1669k.com | 56988ww.com | WWW.767048.COM | www.3846ee.com | 115502.com | WWW.53583.COM | www.bwin930.co | www.557744aa.com | www.68568y.com | b9962.com | www.1374.com | WWW.232481.COM | 500000516.com | qg0707.com | WWW.362701.COM | www.pj05x.com | 059j.cc | WWW.844998.COM | www.10999q.com | 1770r.com | WWW.841563.COM | www.26163u.com | m15666.com | www.339281.com | www.50080x.com | 8290p.com | WWW.301276.COM | www.8039x.com | 11555002.com | 3y999.com | WWW.647708.COM | www.50732n.com | le888i.com | 1813p.com | WWW.111640.COM | www.pjc77.vip | ny204.com | www.729019.com | www.86267r.com | 7893app.com | www.927877.com | www.c5635.com | www.78888js.com | yy.com | WWW.369744.COM | www.27776.cc | www.175702.com | 7605i.com | WWW.374965.COM | www.jy738.com | 1306766.com | www.371951.com | WWW.687613.COM | www.3032cc.com | 98345bb.com | www.250680.com | WWW.375009.COM | www.2021n.com | dd38648.com | www.082706.com | WWW.544242.COM | www.6613622.com | hgw7745.com | 626810.com | www.622709.com | WWW.102550.COM | www.0048.com | spj01.net | 1440999.com | WWW.253823.COM | www.777hy.cc | www.15365b.com | ca8033.com | ctxcp12.com | www.975961.com | www.c134.vip | www.68365m.com | 588iii.cc | x48v.com | www.653546.com | www.hm3377.com | www.1764p.com | 256777w.com | 11018y.com | www.106280.com | WWW.801084.COM | www.8667b.com | www.hgdc700.com | 5588xpj.com | m.60345.hk | WWW.774463.COM | www.509291.com | 8036ll.com | 498849.com | www.998294.com | WWW.148955.COM | www.55717m.com | 308827.com | hbs480.com | 6601885.com | www.550420.com | WWW.700386.COM | www.37193.cc | www.sha2211.com | gg56988.com | 98345g.com | LXYL365.com | WWW.184269.COM | www.33678ll.com | 21866d.com | js777js.com | www.31443.com | WWW.777832.COM | WWW.337754.COM | www.9170106.com | 8036gg.com | 19yl.com | 23233g.com | www.170569.com | WWW.771145.COM | WWW.56538.COM | www.52303p.com | www.6880kk.com | 8449qq.com | lc99c.com | wwwkj1958.com | WWW.859889.COM | www.81678g.com | www.jsggb02.com | 2544.com | js345b.com | 38244i.com | www.492018.com | WWW.634356.COM | WWW.227940.COM | www.60108k.com | www.184088.com | www.179022.com | 3089y.com | 36409955.com | 3822c.com | www.193629.com | www.957806.com | WWW.5806.COM | WWW.234221.COM | www.87171.cc | www.36581111.com | www.qmc0088.com | 375656.com | 923160.com | 3844oo.com | 3822g.com | www.73166e.com | WWW.617099.COM | WWW.111452.COM | www.8839d.com | www.4058d.com | www.2y932.com | 3950t.com | 5437r.com | 开彩? com | www.210602.com | www.993572.com | WWW.63528.COM | WWW.105103.COM | www.5095v.com | www.12136z.com | www.55545j.com | jsjlb66.com | 66287k.com | 66150.com | 2008ff.com | 8988f.com | www.51515o.com | WWW.456057.COM | WWW.594163.COM | www.fh7557.com | www.50054z.com | www.9187y.com | www.10999b.com | gsq520.com | tt6822.com | 5448099.com | 55984m.com | 1634c.com | 18438YL.com | 0128765.com | 237.com | hga030.com | www72884.com | r86811.com | www.7672222.com | 29918ff.com | www.166555.net | 469300.com | www.182498.com | www.346211.com | www.609712.com | WWW.113407.COM | WWW.735247.COM | WWW.614768.COM | WWW.784103.COM | WWW.438758.COM | WWW.110646.COM | WWW.616734.COM | WWW.308826.COM | WWW.709034.COM | WWW.840809.COM | WWW.692008.COM | WWW.722419.COM | WWW.774463.COM | WWW.49459.COM | WWW.254433.COM | WWW.614155.COM | WWW.394234.COM | www.c5637.com | WWW.61363.COM | WWW.53235.COM | WWW.183028.COM | WWW.499468.COM | WWW.362138.COM | WWW.318763.COM | WWW.358758.COM | www.645880.com | www.566850.com | www.255155.com | www.26878i.com | 22117i.com | www.105886.com | amhj.cc | www.444539.com | 321gp.com | www.240228.com | kxchihuo.com | 44vv8332.com | dz8222.com | 2381sss.com | 17795555.com | 9994cc16.com | 8988o.com | www.68277666.com | 333ths.com | www.99113w.com | 1463k.com | 500000598.com | 2851n.com | www.55545a.com | www.4996gz.com | www.blr0309.com | www.88266d.com | www.12455g.com | WWW.811103.COM | WWW.306822.COM | WWW.449378.COM | WWW.855885.COM | www.128082.com | 2618s.com | p2306.com | yabo6000.com | k67890.com | 3566cc.com | yth22.net | www.58118f.com | www.1754.com | www.77210h.com | www.hy5155.com | WWW.249678.COM | WWW.832796.COM | www.309388.com | www.50074a.com | 12742v.com | 5099kk.com | 4488aa.com | 3121cc.com | www.848777s.com | www.89777x.com | www.5086i.com | WWW.133898.COM | WWW.920098.COM | www.le33.cc | 31435544.com | 75335.com | 000000oe.cn | www.998855f.com | www.52062l.com | www.32123h.com | WWW.198710.COM | WWW.647744.COM | www.377615.com | 567848.com | b999.org | 4556z.com | 73567tg20.com | www.wns44.me | www.2350t.com | WWW.762751.COM | www.969713.com | www.76520u.com | 22ll8332.com | 3559ggg.com | www.6696877.com | www.0343v.com | WWW.11752.COM | WWW.356423.COM | www.603694.com | pj90856.com | 6002g.com | www.6a444.com | www.4996sp.com | www.54968g.com | WWW.33700.COM | WWW.226680.COM | www.895858.com | wns789.net | 057360.com | www.11djcp.com | www.529776.com | WWW.99233.COM | WWW.616209.COM | www.8887hk.com | 2214gg.com | 883399h.com | www.bet91484.com | www.vip5888.com | WWW.25677.COM | WWW.208778.COM | 48586.com | 8520r.com | 11422l.com | www.v6996.com | www.hcjt7.com | WWW.133924.COM | wwwkj1958.com | 6663805.com | 776073.com | www.55238b.com | WWW.555483.COM | www.560905.com | v2894.com | 26668g.com | www.60886i.com | WWW.79758.COM | WWW.713672.COM | 8988z.com | 8722gggg.com | www.100v.cc | www.sx139974.com | WWW.116134.COM | www.680358.com | payu360.com | pjchongqing.com | www.58665i.com | www.6653k.com | WWW.565696.COM | 585890.com | 35222ee.com | 2019xx.cc | www.16065v.com | WWW.510126.COM | 963459.com | 4488ppp.com | 5659822.com | www.8998733.com | WWW.495298.COM | 118tkzl.com | 77606f.com | 2649pp.com | www.65707p.com | WWW.471611.COM | 500000853.com | g2824.com | www.hv99365.com | WWW.391456.COM | www.069963.com | 1463v.com | www.673888p.com | www.3933j.cc | WWW.888386.COM | 9599wm6.com | 2146r.com | www.hg09a.com | WWW.720096.COM | 0747q.com | 3222p.cc | www.33678rr.com | WWW.550570.COM | 389922.com | 66681g.com | www.62778811.com | WWW.7749.COM | www.557894.com | 7555l.com | www.54968.com | WWW.828485.COM | www.137105.com | ms407.com | www.89386e.com | WWW.759963.COM | www.81233o.com | wb399.com | www.wns123h.com | WWW.152199.COM | 55268.net | 55899m.com | www.80075.com | WWW.77114.COM | 38648oo.cc | www.rg666.com | www.50080p.com | www.616097.com | 5622u.com | www.vns887.com | WWW.303094.COM | 80567h.com | 389988.com | WWW.320288.COM | www.335243.com | 4194com | www.862239.com | WWW.200381.COM | 1577726.com | www.4136w.com | WWW.649768.COM | 1483bb.com | q5002.com | www.hcjt2.com | www.71399a.com | 37111w.com | www.109007.com | WWW.279363.COM | jnh91.com | 5456t.com | WWW.884541.COM | www.332065.com | 45637z.com | www.3478h.cc | www.870013.com | 4461s.com | www.06662.com | WWW.429914.COM | kk3405.com | www.yh07.com | www.931518.com | 77606a.com | www.954321b.com | WWW.162269.COM | 7599m.com | www.yh6699.bet | WWW.697566.COM | 3534n.com | www.3157w.com | WWW.282299.COM | 9994cc7.com | www.79500e.com | WWW.922207.COM | 9607.com | www.8967z.com | WWW.591135.COM | hhhhh.com | www.81619.com | WWW.176208.COM | 8159ee.cc | www.ya2019q.com | www.346277.com | zhcp63.com | www.qm72.com | 4997x.com | www.7893w37.com | WWW.175908.COM | 590.com | www.68568l.com | www.319075.com | pp5443.com | WWW.119176.COM | kn8pe8fq.pp.163.com | www.bwinyz39.com | WWW.133050.COM | feicai0378.com | www.y2894.com | www.963063.com | 77260088.com | www.093wy.com | 3379qq.com | www.404099.com | WWW.896778.COM | 93922z.com | www.585.cc | www.557744aa.com | 8901k.com | www.8618aa.com | xpj915.com | www.6880bb.com | WWW.425666.COM | 78808l.com | www.48330m.com | www.701504.com | 30006w.com | WWW.491305.COM | 019dh.com | www.9356u.com | dl71017.com | www.bet63y.com | WWW.7907.COM | 6220rr.com | www.81233k.com | 00048n.com | www.83377.com | WWW.433118.COM | 9679n.com | WWW.761269.COM | 1168a.com | www.93gj08.com | www.33588e.com | www.55060h.com | WWW.358081.COM | pjcp.com | WWW.222808.COM | p2306.com | www.785409.com | www.230966.com | www.bfcaip.am | WWW.50520.COM | 8569855.com | WWW.80373.COM | 3522z.vip | www.71233p.com | bet3659903.com | www.xpj588.com | WWW.133477.COM | 23800z.com | WWW.563530.COM | 08809.com | WWW.580052.COM | bwinddd.com | www.3126e.com | www511456.com | www.79095m.com | www.273092.com | www.803243.com | WWW.775460.COM | 6220p.com | WWW.789214.COM | 33318k.com | WWW.732531.COM | pj88002.com | WWW.451810.COM | 1003822.com | www.65707d.com | ule607.com | www.57800z.com | www.544086.com | www.4136b.com | www.540707.com | www.654578.com | www.899427.com | www.79500n.com | WWW.318129.COM | 228888g.com | WWW.310166.COM | zhcp86.com | WWW.617478.COM | youfa22.vip | WWW.80538.COM | 998v.cc | WWW.259012.COM | 11xx8332.com | WWW.180611.COM | 4443955.com | WWW.748527.COM | 88993v.com | WWW.777092.COM | 123456rr.cc | WWW.301692.COM | w69441155.com |